Romford dating

The cruciform section of the workhouse was demolished in 2000 to make way for a car park.

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Action was promised and was followed up by the efforts to change official rules and provide more money to support the unemployed.

The former workhouse buildings later became part of Oldchurch Hospital.

THE Number of People taken in and provided for in the Workhouse here, is very different, sometimes more, and sometimes less. These being impotent people, very aged, or Children, it cannot be expected they should earn a great deal: However, somewhat they do, both Men and Women go abroad to work, when there is a Demand for them ; and at Home the Women spin or wind Silk, and the Men pick Ockam. per Annum, and having fitted up with necessary Accommodations for receiving the poor Pensioners of the Parish, they opened it at Christmas the same Year. A parish workhouse operated at Upminster in a building on St Mary's Lane dating from around 1751. Romford Poor Law Union formally came into being on 31st May, 1836.

I must, SIR, observe to you, that the Advantage of the Workhouse to the Parish, does not arise from what the poor People can do towards their Subsistance, but from the Apprehensions the Poor have of it. It will conveniently lodge about 48 People, two in a Bed; and there is a small Infirmary built on the Backside of the House, but the People are generally in so good Health, that there has been hitherto little Occasion to use it. Its operation was overseen by an elected Board of Guardians, 24 in number, representing its 10 constituent parishes as listed below (figures in brackets indicate numbers of Guardians if more than one): Essex: Barking (8), Cranham, Dagenham (2), Hornchurch (3), Havering-atte-Bower, Rainham, Romford (5), Upminster, Great Warley and Wennington.

Among the relatively few other examples of this type of layout are George Wilkinson's Oxfordshire workhouses at Chipping Norton and Witney. Romford south-east and south-west ranges from the south-west, 2000. The north-east and south-east ranges contained the females' day rooms and wards.

No other workhouse buildings are attributed to Francis Edwards. Those to the north-west and south-west provided male accommodation. According to an 1840s directory, able-bodied paupers at the workhouse were employed in grinding corn and cultivating the garden ground, etc.

During the afternoon, when the gates were opened to allow a vehicle to leave, the men rushed through.

They helped themselves to loaves from the bakehouse, and towels and blankets were stolen from the infirmary.

In 1914, there were scattered homes operating at Gilmore House, 36 Pelham Road, and Richmond House, 38 Pelham Road, Ilford.

In 1929, there were homes at 26-28 Manor Road, 42-44 Brentwood Road, and on King Edward Road.

XVIIL THAT the Master read, or cause to be read, Prayers every Morning before Breakfast, and every Evening before Supper, and call together as many as can be conveniently there. THAT these Prayers shall be out of the Whole Duty of Man, or some other good Book, as the Minister shall appoint. THAT the Master and Mistress shall every Lord's Day attend at the Publick Worship, with as many of the House as are not hindred by a just Reason. THAT on the Lord's Day, either before Church, or after Dinner, he do read, or cause to be read, the Psalms and Lessons appointed for the Morning Service : and after Evening Prayer, the Psalms and Lessons for the Evening Service ; and also a Section or Chapter out of the Whole Duty of Man. THAT the Master and Mistress do receive the Holy Sacrament four Times every Year at least. THAT the Master do give an Account every Monthly Meeting, of all such as are negligent and disorderly. The Victuals is divided into Messes, 4 Persons to a Mess ; this being a cheap Country for Flesh, they have 4 Flesh Days in the Week, according to the following Bill of Fare, viz. They have Roast Beef at the Three Great Festivals, and Plumb-Pudding at Christmas. An inscriptio above the front entrance read 'This House of Industry at the sole Expence of the Inhabitants of Barking is to provide and protect the Industrious and to pubish the Idle and Wicked'. THERE is also another Workhouse in this Neighbourhood, viz.

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